Ph.D. degree award:
INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE DEZVOLTARE PENTRU TEHNOLOGII IZOTOPICE SI MOLECULARE I N C D T I M
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Expertise & keywords
Publications & Patents
The study of the biodiversity of spruce and fir forests from Natura 2000 protected areas through multidisciplinary modern methods
PNCDI II 31-015/2007
Role in this project:
Partner team leader
INSTITUTUL DE CERCETARI BIOLOGICE CLUJ FILIALA A INCDSB BUCURESTI
INSTITUTUL DE CERCETARI BIOLOGICE CLUJ FILIALA A INCDSB BUCURESTI (RO); UNIVERSITATEA BABES BOLYAI (RO); INSTITUTUL DE CERCETARI SI AMENAJARI SILVICE (RO); UNIVERSITATEA TRANSILVANIA BRASOV (RO); INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE DEZVOLTARE PENTRU TEHNOLOGII IZOTOPICE SI MOLECULARE I N C D T I M (RO)
INSTITUTUL DE CERCETARI BIOLOGICE CLUJ FILIALA A INCDSB BUCURESTI (RO)
The project focused on the study of floristic, phytocoenologycal, phytohistorical, genetic, geochemical, enzymologic and fauna diversity at local and regional levels, using modern multidisciplinary methods, at European level; we have worked to substantiate scientifically the development of the protected area network Natura 2000. The achievement of these objectives requires a large number of specialists and development of human resources. The results have a great degree of applicability, scientifically but also practical and socio-economical. The study of intra-specific biodiversity is nowadays one of the main research targets at European and also world level. Through the planned research activities, we targeted the solving of complex problems connected to forest ecosystems evolution as a result of climatic changes and human pressure. We have selected two taxa, spruce and fir, of great scientific and economical importance, dominant in mountain ecosystems of the Romanian Carpathians.
Methane fluxes at the lithosphere-atmosphere interface in hydrocarbon-prone areas. Implications for the greenhouse gases atmospheric budget
PNCDI II 31094/2007
Role in this project:
Partner team leader
UNIVERSITATEA BABES BOLYAI
UNIVERSITATEA BABES BOLYAI (RO); UNIVERSITATEA BUCURESTI (RO); INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE DEZVOLTARE PENTRU TEHNOLOGII IZOTOPICE SI MOLECULARE I N C D T I M (RO); Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Roma (RO)
UNIVERSITATEA BABES BOLYAI (RO)
The aim of FLUX project is the measurement in a rigorous and systematic manner of the geogenic methane emissions in hydrocarbon-prone areas and the comparison with natural sinks, in order to assess the balance of this important greenhouse gas. The main methane sources and sinks have been identified and quantified in numerous published papers and IPCC reports. Recent researches developed in several countries, with the consistent contribution of the present consortium, have shown that the geogenic methane emission, concentrated as visible macroemissions, or diffuse microemissions in soil, is significantly contributing to the atmospheric methane budget.
The geogenic methane emissions, according to the actual estimations, are in the order of 35-44 Tg y-1 CH4, out of a total of 270 Tg y-1 CH4 natural emissions, comparable to sources considered to be very important, as oceans, methane hydrates and termites. However, the rigorous measurements available today are very scarce, and the present project represents an important contribution in documenting the importance of the geologic source in the methane atmospheric budget.
Preliminary measurements ran by the consortium suggest the Transylvanian Basin is an ideal location for implementing a complex measurements program, in order to estimate the amplitude of the geogenic emission in a hydrocarbon-prone area. In areas without emissions, the microbiologic processes consume atmospheric methane, generating a negative flux. In hydrocarbon-prone areas, the quantities of methane generated by geogenic emissions are exceeding the consumption in soil, generating a positive flux.
The main contribution of the project will be the re-evaluation of the balance resulting from the combination of the two fluxes. In this way, important data will be obtained, useful for assessing the importance of geogenic sources in the atmospheric methane budget. These data will be submitted to the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) and to the international scientific community.
List of research grants as project coordinator or partner team leader
Significant R&D projects for enterprises, as project manager
R&D activities in enterprises
Peer-review activity for international programs/projects
Terms and Conditions
[T: 0.3752, O: 243]